Bandscan Berlin (English version)

http://radiacja.blogspot.com/2012/09/bandscan-berlin-english-version.html
Berlin's panorama from railway stn Ostkreuz
Being used to the crowded FM radio band of somewhat smaller Warsaw (my homeland capital city), discovering such sparsely populated band as in Berlin was surprising. What would you expect in world's famous metropolitan city? Of course otherwise. But with relatively lower number of radiostations, arranged with wider "empty" spaces inbetween eachother, even in this jungle of concrete it is possible to catch some respectable DXs, or distant radio signals if you like. This post is all about this - what interesting out of the distant and what interesting out of the local stations I have caught while staying in German capital city for a week in August 2012.

Typisch berlinisch
Let's start with favourite radio stations of Berliners themselves.
During my exploration of the city, I often stumbled into places where music from a radio was playing in the background (or was I subconsciously paying attention to that?). At shops, bars, at caffees and offices - in all cases I noticed they were exclusively commercial radiostations - BB Radio, JAM FM, Energy, B2, RTL and Kiss. Their music formats were either AC or CHR.
Unfortunately, in public places I spotted nobody listening to public broadcaster - ARD/RBB, despite the broad choice of its channels:
- Antenne Brandenburg specialises in German and foreign oldies songs,
- Fritz is aiming at youth audience
- Radio Eins is playing... hmmm.. overall good modern music (and is one of my favs)
- classical music and cultural news is provided by DKultur and KulturRadio vom rbb
- general information and speech airs 24/7 on Deutschlanfunk and inforadio vom rbb
Of course I don't claim my "research" to be representative, that is just my impression of listenership here.


It's worth mentioning that there is also a number of commercial radio stations that tailor their programming to fit defined audiences of a distinctive taste, ie.: Flux FM is notable for good electronic and rock music, KlassikRadio plays agreeable instrumental/movie sountrack and classical music, and last but not the least: radio channel for kids - "Teddy" on 90,2 MHz.

Among all stations, rock-styled Star FM made its presence most visible on many billboards and concert-adverts around the city, with Jam FM following. I saw two ads of the new station - B2 (exclusively German pop) and one of Radio Paradiso.

The frequencies of main (high powered) radio stations are one of the relicts of Berlin's history - they never changed, although the programming on 'em has. Another remant of the past is the presence of international broadcasters in the FM band. They are: BBC World Service (on 94,8), french RFI (96,7), and Russkij-Berlin (97,2). Perhaps you've already noticed - all three are operated by the countries that used to control German territory right after the end of Second World War.
Today, there is another tribe of foreign descent that operates its station - Turks with Radyo Metropol 101,9 FM. Since Berlin is indeed a metro/cosmopolitan city, you can hear even more foreign minorities languages - Italian, Greek, Polish, Serbocroatian at certain times on 96,3 "Funkhaus Europa".

Turkce
But these were Turks whom I heard first when I turned my tuner on in Berlin for the first time. I knew they run one own radiostation here, but thought it might be pirate radio activity: 87,5; 87,7, 88,1 and counting... quite a number! It eventually turned out to be a brief Sporadic-E opening (haha), distant propagation to Istanbul area - a phenomenon that permits receiving distant signals. It might have been Spain at that time as well, instead of Turkey. Foreign stations vanished within couple of minutes.
Actually, speaking of pirate radio stations - during couple of days I was staying in Berlin, I found none, although they have lot of free space to operate (as the local stations are spaced with huge gaps inbetween). But it also means plenty of airspace for potential DX signals.

My QTH in Berlin
I was making my bandscan(s) at a rented flat on the fist floor near Innsbrucker Sq. in Schoneberg district, 5km from Berlin-Mitte (centre). I had my Sony XDR-F1HD FM tuner hooked with wire dipole antenna (the one in white coating, provided with XDR tuner by Sony).
At first it might seem unlikely to do any good DX in such accomodation and quite poor antenna, at least it seemed so to me. But the results were truly amazing and encouraging! No matter how tired would I be after a day of intense sightseeing, I would always find an hour or so for FM DXing. So it was mostly at night.
(Actually, I'd been considering taking my new Sony XDR-F1HD for a long time before I left Poland. I was just afraid it might suffer some sort of damage - ie. in transport. But yeah, what the heck, let's give some Berliner air to it!
On a 3 or 4th day of my stay the tuner suffered from slight damage - a loose, unsoldered wire - luckily not deadly, but such one that didn't allow me DX furter. I fixed that after the return home, so that it would never happen again. I'm glad though I picked some good signals in the time I was able to do so.)

Polish in Berlin
You may skip this chapter, as it concers only Polish broadcasting centres.
Keeping in mind that Berlin's location is quite close to PL border, one of the first things I checked on the radio was which Polish stations it is possible to pick up in Berlin (wasn't really going to listen to them, as I'm fed up with the most of PL stns, but out of sheer curiosity). Every now and then, DX-folks from Poland report that Z.Góra/Jemiolow is the only location well received in German capital city.
True though, out of all broadcasting centres situated along Polish-German border, this one is the closest to Berlin. But I received it with only disappointingly low signal! Maybe it's just the matter of my location. To my bigger surprise, a different one - Lubań/Nowa Karczma was present at much higher signal levels most of the day. Szczecin was also daily regular but fainter, and Wrocław-Sleza was in and quite strong most nights. I also picked Jelenia Gora once on a single frequency.

Tropo
Reception of two (or three) Czech stations amazed me too. Especially 90,9 would show up numerous times during DX session.
But Friday evening Aug 17th and Saturday morning Aug 18th were the best, pulling in many distatnt stations - Hamburg and Flensburg were highlights from North and Ochsenkopf from South. Teutoburger Wald from west was the most distant station received overall - weak at 90,6 with swingy jazz music late at night.
I also received a nice, distant aeroscatter from Frankfurt on 89,3 FM.

Cable outleaks
When I returned from Berlin and started sorting out the bandscan and identifying stations, I found copule of them tricky. Especially when I was sure I heard a jingle or an ID on acertain frequency - for example 100,3 Sputnik, when the official station listings lacked that station! It was frustrating at first, but looking for 97,9 Kiss FM in Google provided me with solution to te UNIDs...
See, Kiss FM is Berlin local radio, broadcasting only on one terrestrial frequency -98,8, but! The other Kiss FM frequencies in the listings I found indicated cable networks, with 97,9 provided by KabelDeutschland. The riddle solved! I managed to receive a couple of cable streams, although the closest building with cable was as far as 150 meters away!
They could have probably been more, but FM radio in German cable networks typically occupies frequencies with 0,05MHz channel offset, whereas stock XDR allows only 0,10MHz jumps, so I simply couldn't tune them.

TV, Press & outdoor adverts
Among tv channels, rbb-fernsehen was the most visible on outdoor adverts (actually, I noticed it was the only tv station advertised). I got myself a copy of ARTE-magazin, a monthly magazine dedicated to promote cultural-oriented arte channel. 3sat, another cultural tv channels has a similar one. I also bought 250-page "TV-Digital" forthnight tvguide, "7+7" - weekly tv guide for Russians in Berlin and "Tele7" - imported tv guide for French channels. Visting Ludwig_ magazine&bookstore was heaven for me - Germans have thousands and thousands of magazines! But the press is a topic for another post.


Meanwhile, Ladies and Gentlemen, meine Damen und Herren...


Bandscan Berlin
hergestellt with Sony XDR-F1HD + wire dipole
ground floor flat near Innsbrucker Platz / Schoeneberg
16-19. Aug 2012

 
MHzSendernameSederstandortkWkmRx






87,6Antenne BrandenburgFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen10,00784
87,7InforadioWittstock1,30962
87,7MDR FigaroChemnitz/Geyer100,002092
87,8
87,9Star FMBerlin/Alexanderplatz1,0066
88,0
88,1MDR1 Sachsen AnhaltWittenberg/Gallunberg30,00814
88,2NDR KulturMarlow100,001944
88,3ZetZielona Góra/Jemiołów60,001202
88,488vier (Alex)Berlin-Kreuzberg0,5046
88,5NDR1Röbel10,001183
88,6DLFCottbus/Klein Oßnig3,001082
88,7
88,8Berlin 88,8Berlin/Scholzplatz80,0086
88,9
89,0RTLBrocken60,002004
89,1EinsFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen5,00784
89,2NDR KulturSchwerin/Rohrmast30,001784
89,3DLFWittenberg/Gallunberg1,00812
89,3hr3 (scatter)Taunus/Grosser Felsberg
100,00
422
2
89,4MDR FigaroDequede10,001183
89,4ZetLubań/Nowa Karczma60,002003
89,5
89,6D KulturBerlin-Britz100,0076
89,7
89,8JumpChemnitz/Geyer100,002092
89,9PR2Zielona Góra/Jemiołów60,001202
89,9NDR KulturTorfhaus (Harz-West)100,002063
89,9schlagerunid, tent Cro2 Liberec
20,00
225
3
90,0D KulturRöbel3,001183
90,1JumpDresden-Wachwitz100,001642
90,2TeddyBerlin/Alexanderplatz16,0066
90,3unidtent. Hamburg
246
2
90,4JumpLeipzig-Wiederau100,001612
90,4unidGuben?1
90,5NDR1Helpterberg100,001134
90,6WDR5Teutoburger Wald/Bielstein100,003141
90,788vier (Alex)Berlin/Schäferberg0,10165
90,8Antenne BrandenburgZehlendorf (Oranienburg)1,30354
90,8D KulturCottbus/Calau20,00923
90,9CRo1 RadioZurnalUsti nad Labem/Bukova Hora100,002112
90,9BB Radio (tent.)Rhinow
 0,80
75
1
91,0NDR1Marlow100,001942
91,1Antenne BrandenburgCasekow20,001024
91,2PR1Żagań/Wichów30,001672
91,2NDR1Dannenberg/Zernien25,001771
91,3
91,4Berliner Rundfunk 91,4Berlin/Alexanderplatz100,0066
91,5PR3Lubań/Nowa Karczma60,002003
91,5JumpBrocken100,002003
91,6B2Cottbus/Klein Oßnig0,501082
91,6wort.unid1
91,7KulturradioPritzwalk10,001043
91,8PowerZehlendorf (Oranienburg)1,30354
91,9FritzBelzig30,00625
92,0SzczecinSzczecin/Kołowo60,001323
92,1NDR2Torfhaus (Harz-West)100,002062
92,2MDR1 SachsenDresden-Wachwitz100,001642
92,3
92,4KulturradioBerlin/Scholzplatz80,0086
92,5
92,6Offener KanalKabelnetz outleak0,11
92,7D KulturFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen5,00783
92,8NDR1Schwerin/Rohrmast30,001782
92,9InforadioLübben0,40702
93,0
93,1InforadioBerlin/Scholzplatz25,0086
93,2
93,3
93,4InforadioCottbus/Calau30,00924
93,5
93,6Jam FMBerlin/Alexanderplatz2,4066
93,7
93,8RMF FMLubań/Nowa Karczma60,002003
93,9Hitradio SKWFürstenwalde3,00515
94,0PR3Jelenia Góra/Śnieżne Kotły10,002401
94,1PR3Zielona Góra/Jemiołów60,001202
94,2
94,3r.s.2Berlin/Alexanderplatz25,0066
94,4
94,5
94,6MDR1 Sachsen AnhaltBrocken60,002005
94,7NDR KulturRöbel10,001183
94,8BBC WorldBerlin/Schäferberg4,00166
94,9MDR1 Sachsen AnhaltDequede10,001183
95,0
95,1EinsCottbus/Calau22,40924
95,2ZetSzczecin/Kołowo60,001322
95,3D KulturSchwerin/Rohrmast100,001783
95,4BB RadioZehlendorf (Oranienburg)1,30353
95,4MDR FigaroDresden-Wachwitz100,001642
95,5hr2Hoher Meißner100,002792
95,6r.s.2Cottbus/Klein Oßnig1,301082
95,7
95,8EinsBerlin/Alexanderplatz100,0066
95,9
96,0NDR KulturHelpterberg100,001133
96,1
96,2
96,3Funkhaus EuropaBerlin/Scholzplatz80,0086
96,4
96,5DLFHelpterberg10,001133
96,6DLFLeipzig-Wiederau100,001612
96,7RFIBerlin-Kreuzberg0,5046
96,8KulturradioFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen5,00783
96,9D KulturDequede7,001183
97,0DLFChemnitz/Geyer100,002092
97,0unid musik - Power?Erkner3,20281
97,1D KulturHelpterberg30,001133
97,2Russkij BerlinBerlin-Kreuzberg0,1046
97,3DLFDresden-Wachwitz100,001644
97,4D KulturBrocken100,002004
97,5D KulturKabelnetz outleak0,12
97,6
97,7DLFBerlin/Alexanderplatz100,0066
97,8NDR1Bungsberg/NDR-Mast50,002602
97,9Kiss FMKabelnetz outleak0,12
98,0NDR1Torfhaus (Harz-West)100,002063
98,0PSROschatz/Collmberg5,001322
98,1
98,2ParadisoBerlin/Scholzplatz8,0086
98,3
98,4SAWWittenberg/Gallunberg5,20813
98,5NDR2Schwerin/Rohrmast100,001783
98,6Antenne BrandenburgCottbus/Calau100,00924
98,7
98,8Kiss FMBerlin/Alexanderplatz1,0066
98,9JumpDequede10,001182
99,0hr1 tent.Hoher Meißner100,002791
99,1NDR2Helpterberg100,001133
99,2NDR KulturHamburg-Moorfleet80,002462
99,3EinsBelzig30,00625
99,4Bayern3 (tropo!)Ochsenkopf100,002933!
99,5DLFLöbau/Schafberg5,001811
99,5N JOYSchwerin/Rohrmast2,001782
99,6
99,7Antenne BrandenburgBerlin/Alexanderplatz100,0066
99,8
99,9EinsPritzwalk10,001043
100,0PSRChemnitz/Geyer100,002092
100,1FritzCasekow50,001024
100,1SAWMagdeburg/Frohser Berg20,001262
100,2DLFEisenhüttenstadt1,00961
100,2PR3Wrocław/Ślęża120,002942
100,2KulturradioBelzig10,00624
100,3SputnikKabelnetz outleak0,12
100,4MDR1Hoyerswerda30,001323
100,5
100,6Flux FMBerlin/Alexanderplatz12,6066
100,7
100,8Antenne MVMarlow100,001942
100,9Antenne BrandenburgGuben6,30
109
2
101,0BrockenDequede60,001183
101,1NoraKaltenkirchen20,002711
101,2unid US pop/rockJump Auerbach? Bremen4?1
101,3KlassikBerlin/Alexanderplatz4,0066
101,4SAWBrocken100,002003
101,5FritzFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen30,00784
101,6JumpWittenberg/Gallunberg55,00814
101,7hr4Hoher Meißner100,002791
101,8NDR InfoHelpterberg100,001133
101,9MetropolBerlin/Alexanderplatz0,5066
102,0DLFMagdeburg/Frohser Berg20,001262
102,0ImpulsUsti nad Labem/Bukova Hora100,002111
102,1BB RadioCasekow20,001023
102,2DLFHöhbeck94,001442
102,3WrocławWrocław/Ślęża120,002942
102,3BrockenWittenberg/Gallunberg4,00812
102,4PSRDresden-Wachwitz100,001643
102,5
102,6FritzBerlin/Alexanderplatz15,0066
102,7
102,8NDR InfoMarlow100,001942
102,9PSRLeipzig-Wiederau100,001612
103,0ZachódZielona Góra/Jemiołów60,001202
103,1FritzPritzwalk60,001044
103,2FritzCottbus/Calau100,00924
103,3
103,4EnergyBerlin/Alexanderplatz8,0066
103,5
103,6WrocławLubań/Nowa Karczma60,002003
103,6HamburgHamburg-Moorfleet80,002462
103,7JumpOschatz/Collmberg5,001323
103,7N JOYBad Doberan5,002042
103,8Antenne MVHelpterberg100,001133
103,9SAWSalzwedel/Fleetmark
 5,00
137
1
103,9MDR FigaroRonneburg (Gera)30,002012
104,0MDR FigaroWittenberg/Gallunberg100,00814
104,1NPRBerlin-Kreuzberg0,4046
104,2Berliner Rundfunk 91,4Frankfurt (Oder)/Booßen20,00784
104,3BB RadioPritzwalk100,001044
104,4KulturradioCottbus/Calau60,00924
104,5Czech? CRo3Usti nad Labem/Bukova Hora 
 100,00
 211
2
104,6RTL 104,6Berlin/Alexanderplatz10,0066
104,7
104,8OstseewelleMarlow100,001942
104,9B2Zehlendorf (Oranienburg)1,30354
105,0BB RadioBrandenburg3,00552
105,1Hitradio SKWKönigs Wusterhausen0,80294
105,2DLFCasekow6,301023
105,2RTL SachsenDresden-Wachwitz100,001642
105,3NDR InfoSchwerin/Rohrmast100,001782
105,4RTL SachsenChemnitz/Geyer100,002091
105,5SpreeBerlin/Alexanderplatz5,0066
105,6unid - strong, fadendRTL Lobau?
 30,00
 181
3
105,7BrockenMagdeburg/Frohser Berg15,001262
105,7unid pop balladAntenne Steinkimmen?1
105,8OstseewelleHelpterberg100,001133
105,9MDR InfoOschatz/Collmberg30,001323
106,0B2Berlin/Alexanderplatz1,0066
106,1EinsCasekow63,001024
106,2Antenne BrandenburgBelzig100,00625
106,3Hitradio AntenneTorfhaus/DTAG100,002062
106,3unid de/ tent BBSpremberg4,001241
106,4RMF FMZielona Góra/Jemiołów60,001203
106,5unid/tent.MDR1Leipzig-Wiederau30,001611
106,6Antenne BrandenburgPritzwalk60,001044
106,7
106,8JazzBerlin/Scholzplatz2,0086
106,9RTL SachsenLeipzig-Wiederau60,001613
107,0NDR2Röbel60,001183
107,1B5 Aktuell (tent.)Ochsenkopf 
50,00 
  2931
107,2BB RadioCottbus/Calau100,00925
107,3OstseewelleSchwerin/Rohrmast100,001782
107,4MDR FigaroMagdeburg/Burg-Kapaunberg30,00
 126
2
107,5BB RadioBerlin/Schäferberg13,00166
107,6LausitzLöbau/Schafberg30,001812
107,7
107,8BB RadioFrankfurt (Oder)/Booßen30,00784
107,9BB RadioZehlendorf (Oranienburg)5,00355
108,0

It's also cool to might still receive many stations live from Berlin, 600km back at home via troposcatter.

scanning...

For more about broadcasting in Berlin browse Radiacja blog with query: "_berlin"

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